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During transcription, A gene of DNA is copied to make RNA. DNA is unzipped and an mRNA strand is built as a copy of a gene. Transcription occurs in the nucleus of a cell, where DNA is stored.
At the end of transcription, mRNA is created.
During translation,The newly made RNA is used to make a protein. A ribosome reads the recipe in mRNA and attaches amino acids in the correct order to make a protein. The ribosome reads the RNA three nucleotides at a time and complementary amino acids are brought to the ribosome by transfer RNA.
After translation, a protein is created.
If mistakes are made during any of these processes, Even a small change to the DNA causes the certain protein to be made incorrectly. If the protein is made incorrectly, it will not be able to function properly. This can cause a very big problem for the organism because proteins are crucial in many different processes.
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