By harir6, Updated
Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa, located southwest of Algeria. . Mali is bordered by Algeria to the northeast, Niger to the east, Burkina Faso and Côte d'Ivoire to the south, Guinea to the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania to the west.
In July 2009, Mali's population was an estimated 14.5 million. More than 90 percent of the population lives in the southern part of the country, especially in Bamako, which has over 1 million residents.
Mali is one of the poorest countries in the world.
The average worker's annual salary is approximately US$1,500
Islam was introduced to West Africa in the 11th century and remains the predominant religion in much of the region.
Mali was a constitutional democracy governed by the Constitution of 12 January 1992, which was amended in 1999. The constitution provides for a separation of powers among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government. The system of government can be described as "semi-presidential".
The varied everyday culture of Malians reflects the country's ethnic and geographic diversity.Malian musical traditions are derived from the griots, who are known as "Keepers of Memories". Mali has always been one of Africa's liveliest intellectual centers. The most popular sport in Mali is football (soccer). Rice and millet are the staples of Malian cuisine, which is heavily based on cereal grains.
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