Piliavin study

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  • The Pilaivin et al study took place on a New York subway. (8th avenue) The line used was A and D as it made no stops for 7 and a half minutes leaving time for the study to take place. The study took place on weekdays from 11am to 3pm.
  • There was 4 teams of students. Each was made up of a victim, a model and two observers.
  • I'm the model
  • I'm the victim
  • We're the observers (both female)
  • 70 seconds into the journey, the victim would collapse in the 'critical area' and continued lying there until help came. All four victims were male, (3 white and 1 black). All students wore Eisenhower jacket, a shirt, old trousers and no tie. They were aged 26 - 35.
  • The students either played the cane condition or the drunk condition.
  • 38 out of the 103 total trials that were run, the victim was smelling of alcohol and acting drunk. While the other 65 were doing the cane condition. Someone in team 2 didn't like playing the drunk therefore they ran more cane trials than drunk trials leading to an imbalance in the results.
  • I am playing the 'cane condition'
  • I don't want to play the drunk condition
  • I'm playing the drunk condition
  • The model would either stand in the 'adjacent area' or the 'critical area'. The model could either help after 70 seconds or 150 seconds.
  • The model, (aged 24 - 29) wore informal clothes but dressed differently to each other. The model was in charge of helping the victim at different times to see if it may influence others to help.
  • one of the observers sat in the adjacent area and recorded comments made by others. Recorded the race, sex and location of the passengers . She also counted every individual who came to aid. While the other did the same for the critical area and also recorded the length of time it took for aid to come.
  • We're the observers SSSHHH!!
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