Protein Synthesis

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  • Hello, my name is Hayden! Today we will be learning about how DNA transcribes to RNA and how RNA will translate to a protein.
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  • The first step in the process is transcription. This is the process of making an RNA copy of a gene sequence. 
  • The end result of transcription is that mRNA leaves the cell nucleus and enters the cytoplasm.
  • The next step is translation. Translation is the process of translating the sequence of mRNA molecules to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis.
  • The final result of translation is a protein. In the cell cytoplasm, the ribosome reads the sequence of the mRNA in groups of three bases to assemble the protein. 
  • Sometimes mutations will occur. These mutations are not always negative though. Some mutations can be favorable or neutral. If a negative mutation happens the protein created could be seriously messed up.  Some effects may be as serious as death if they occur in the womb but normally the effects are little and hardly noticeable. Some examples are sickle cells, cancer, missing proteins, etc. These mutations can happen if RNA is incorrectly copied or if  you receive them from your parents.
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