Causes of Civil War
By ikrish6, Updated
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What Caused The Civil War
The Election of Abraham Lincoln
The Five Main Causes of the Civil War
The Election of Lincoln was the last straw for the South as after they formed the Confederacy and seceded. Lincoln's values were completely against those of the Southern states and was not even on the ballot in the South. Lincoln winning the election sparked the fire to the Civil War.
Industry vs Farming
Western expansion caused a huge problem in America because all of the extra land led to disputes whether it should be free or slave. Northerners wanted more free states while the Southerners wanted more slave states. Western expansion slowly increased tensions between the two until the eventual War.
Kansas Nebraska Act
Slavery was seen as a horrible institution by the North but for the South slavery was vital for their economic success. Without slavery their vast plantations could not function. Slavery was essentially what the war was about as the North was trying to abolish slavery while the South looked to keep their slaves.
The North and South developed different economies with the North becoming more industrialized and the South continuing to rely on farming. Because of immigration from Europe the North had plenty of cheap labor from German and Irish immigrants which reduced their reliance on slavery. The South however still needed slaves to man the fields so they did not want to change.
The Kansas Nebraska Act allowed the states of Kansas and Nebraska to decide whether they want slavery through popular sovereignty. This caused many problems as Southerners and Northerners fought to have superiority within the states to keep or abolish slavery. This would lead to Bleeding Kansas and was a stepping stone to the Civil War.
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