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In 1519, Portuguese sailor, Ferdinand Magellan, set off with a fleet of 5 ships under Spain in search of a faster route to Asia.
These ships ranged from 45-100 feet long. The lead ship, Trinidad, contained 55 crew members and weighed 110 tons, while the smallest ship, Victoria, had 42 crew members and weighed 85 tons.
Magellan's other ships included San Antonio with 60 crew and weighing 120 tons, Conception with 45 crew and weighing 90 tons, and Santiago weighing a mere 75 tons with only 32 crew members.
The crew members typically were made up of boatswains, or officers who would control the grumate, or common sailors. The crew also included skilled seamen known as marinero and barbers who would act as doctors and dentists.
Although Magellan died in 1521 in the Philippines, one ship, Victoria, was able to return with only 18 remaining crew members in 1522, the first vessel to circumnavigate the globe.
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