The Election of 1860 and Secession

The Election of 1860 and Secession
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  • Lincoln Gains Fame through the Lincoln Douglas Debates. However, Douglas ultimately wins the position in the Senate, defeating Lincoln. (1858)
  • I believe that people of all races should have equal rights. This starts with preventing the spread of Slavery! America is divided by this institution!
  • I refuse to take a stance on the issue of slavery. I don't care whether it exists or not. People should have the right of popular sovereignty!
  • The North was extremely anti-slavery. The recent Dred Scott case was a major blow for the North. They still believed in Whig ideals such as focusing on internal improvements and high tariffs. 
  • Context: Sectional Divide
  • The South demanded the continuation of slavery and depended on the institution for economic success. The West was a huge advocate for popular sovereignty.
  • I am a republican against slavery for moral reasons, but I am not an abolitionist
  • Abe Lincoln
  • I was the senator of Tennessee and I support slavery and keeping the union together.
  • Stephen Douglas
  • I am a northern democrat without a strong position on slavery.
  • Who Was running in the election of 1860?
  • John Bell
  • I am a strong Southern democrat fighting for slavery and I appeal to most of the southern states.
  • John Breckinridge
  • The Outcome of the Election
  • Whoo hoo! I won the election, winning virtually all of the anti-slavery states! Breckinridge was my toughest competitor. He won most of the South. Bell and Douglas only won a couple of states each. Unfortunately, I did not win any southern states.
  • Meanwhile, in the South, the outcome of the election was the final straw for most southerners. South Carolina was the first state to leave the union, closely followed by 6 more states. The "South Carolina Ordinance of Secession" was created and modeled after the Constitution. Together they formed the Confederate States of America. Compromises were suggested such as the Crittenden Compromise (offering to re-establish the Missouri Compromise Line but still allow the spread of slavery elsewhere) however these efforts were rejected.
  • Succession of the South 
  • Southern Succession combined with failed compromises led to the Battle of Fort Sumter in 1861. This was the battle that marked the beginning of the civil war. The civil war was unique in that it was a battle between neighbor and neighbor and family member and family member. The outcome of the war is still seen today, as people of many different races are equal. Lincoln has also gone down in history as one of the greatest presidents.
  • Legacy
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