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Paleo Indians were the first Native Americans In North America. They lived in a period called the Old Stone Age. They hunted animals such as mammoths, deer, and large sloths. they were also nomadic meaning they moved a lot. This was because they were constantly following their food source. They developed the Atlatl which was a tool used to shoot a spear.
#2 ARCHAIC PERIOD
The Archaic Indians were the second Native Americans in North America. Their period began right after the Ice Age. Since big animals such as mammoth were extinct they hunted smaller animals like deer, turkey, and rabbit. The Archaic people were hunters and gathers meaning they hunted animals and collected plants and berries. They used the hook, the axe, and the weighted spear for more efficiency when they hunted. They also developed pottery. they could stay in areas for a long amount time but moved each season.
#3 WOODLAND PERIOD
The Woodlawn Indians developed horticulture. Horticulture is the process of growing crops for food. They grew wild greens and squash. They developed the bow and arrow to improve accuracy when hunting. They also improved pottery. They Woodlawn Indians began to form tribes and permanent homes. it was also during this period that religious practice was established. They also built burial mounds and believed in afterlife.
The Mississippian Period the last Native American Group. They used agriculture to grow corn, beans, pumpkin, and tobacco. They stored their food in large storehouses for later use. The Mississippians also developed large settlements with moats and fences as protection from other tribes. They were the only group to meet the Europeans and many of them were either captured and enslaved or died from disease such as smallpox that the Europeans brought over.
#4 MISSISSIPPIAN PERIOD
Hernando De Soto landed in Florida in 1539 in search of gold. However he died before he could find any
Spain came to America because they wanted to spread their Catholic faith. Britian came to America for resources. And the French wanted furs and fish off the coast.
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