Marbury vs. Madison

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  • Before Adam's inauguration he appoints John Marshall as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
  • Election of 1800 is won by Thomas Jefferson and he finally takes over the role of president.
  • William Marbury is furious about not receiving his commission.
  • In the election of 1800 John Adams was up for his second term when Thomas Jefferson swooped in and won over the majority of the election. Before John Adam's inauguration in March, he wanted the judicial branch to remain in Federalist hands so he appointed John Marshall as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
  • At court William Marbury is fighting against Madison for his commission.
  • Once John Adams was out of office Thomas Jefferson became the new president and he felt that commissions were an "outrage of decency" so he ordered his secretary of state, James Madison to not send the last of the commissions that John Adams left behind.
  • As the case continues in the Supreme Court John Marshall has to make a tough decision.
  • Among the few who didn't receive their commissions was William Marbury and he demanded that he get his commission. When it was clear that Thomas Jefferson and James Madison weren't willing to do that, he appealed to the Supreme Court which thus started the Marbury v. Madison case in 1803 which all took place in the Supreme Court itself.
  • The case is closed and Chief Justice John Marshall has decided to let Madison and Jefferson leave the court without giving Marbury his commission.
  • The situation involved Chief Justice John Marshall, James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, William Marbury, and John Adams. When Marbury was deprived of his commission, he explained to the Supreme Court that under section 13 of the Judiciary Act of 1789 it stated that Supreme Court has the power to require federal officials to perform their duties.
  • Chief Justice John Marshall was in a tough situation because even though he was a Federalist and he believed what Madison and Jefferson did was illegal he also wanted to establish more power for the Supreme Court and by finding Jefferson an Madison guilty would only weaken that goal.
  • Finally John Marshall made a decision that what Madison and Jefferson did was illegal but he also stated that a certain section of the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional because it gave Supreme Court powers not mentioned in the Constitution . This prevented the court from ordering Madison to give Marbury his commission. This case was important because it created the principle of judicial review.
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