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Under the missouri compromise of 1820, Maine is added as a free state, previously the land had been a part of massachusetts. This satisfies those opposed to the expansion of slaveryas well as the ¨slave powers¨ in congress.
For the southern slave holding states, missouri is added to the union as a slave state. although it exist below the dividing line, the addition of of Missouri as a slave state provides balance to the union terms of free and slave states and representation in congress.
A major provision of the Missouri compromise was that slavery was not to exist above 36 30N. This satisfied the north, since slavery would not be able to expand past this imaginary line drawn across the Louisiana purchase.
For the northern free states, new york senator James tallmadge proposed an Amendment banning slavery in the Louisiana territory. In addition, senator Rufus King also argued congress had power to determine whether or not a new state could have slavery.
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