This image shows a man who once lived on a small farm but once urbanization began and more factors we built he works in a lumbor factory
Immigrants would move to the North to work in Manufacturing Steamboats/ chipper ships, railroads, etc because they were either not able to live where they came from or wanted to work in the North
Even though in the North African Americans were free they still faced discrimination white factory owners would prefer to hire white immigrants to work in factories and usually African Americans would work less desarable jobs like whaling
In the south the economy was based heavily on farm cash crops. One of the biggest cash crop was cotton and slave worked on plantations to harvest it
As cotton was in a hirer supply plantation owners bought more slaves to work on cotton farms. They would have to work either in the field picking cotton or working on the cotton gin a tool made by industrialization
If a slave was able to buy his freedom in the south they might have enough money to buy a small property. Enough if they have paper and are free sometimes slave catchers would still take them and sell them.
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