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History of Imperialism - Contrasting POV: Imperialist vs. Indigenous

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The History of Imperialism - Imperialist vs. Indigenous Point of View

Storyboard Text

  • European Imperialist View
  • Rudyard Kipling
  • Africa
  • British Parliament
  • China
  • Opium [is] probably less harmful than gin, and anyway it [is] the Chinese who insist[ed] on smoking it…
  • Lord Kitchener
  • India
  • It is this consciousness of the inherent superiority of the European which has won for us India. However well educated and clever a native may be, and however brave he may prove himself, I believe that no rank we can bestow upon him would cause him to be considered an equal of the British officer.
  • Indigenous View
  • Kipling's poem encouraged the feeling that imperialism in places like Africa was a noble duty.
  • Chief Machemba
  • Take up the White Man's burden, Send forth the best ye breed Go bind your sons to exile, to serve your captives' need; To wait in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and wild— Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child.
  • The idea that Britain had the right to export opium to China - a drug that was illegal in their own nation- is justified in this quote by British Prime Minister William Melbourne.
  • Commissioner Lin Zexu
  • The overt racism in Kitchener's view of India was common. This assumption of superiority guided policy-making in British India.
  • Ram Mohan Roy
  • I have listened to your words but can find no reason why I should obey you -- I would rather die first. If it should be friendship that you desire, then I am ready for it, today and always; but to be your subject, that I cannot be. I do not fall at your feet, for you are God's creature just as I am.
  • Let us ask, where is your conscience? I have heard that the smoking of opium is very strictly forbidden in your country; that is because the harm caused by opium is clearly understood.
  • The British Occupation is not ideal, but certainly some of the ideas of Europe are preferable to our antiquated ways.
  • This famous quote from Chief Machemba of the Yao tribe is a good example of the enlightened intellect of many African leaders. Machemba is addressing a German military commander.
  • In this letter to Queen Victoria, Government official Lin Zexu points out the hypocrisy of the British opium trade. The letter was ignored, and the British launched a military campaign.
  • Ram Mohun Roy despised the British as a young man. Eventually he decided that some of the cultural practices in India like Sati and arranged child marriages were inferior to the British.

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