Abolition was a reform movement which intended on ending slavery. Some recognizable abolitionists are Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass. The Underground Railroad was a network that helped slaves escape to the north where they could be free. The Underground Railroad and more helped get the abolitionist movement traction
The Suffrage was a movement with the intent to give women more rights. This included things like voting, and basic rights like speaking in public. Events like the Seneca Falls Convention helped give the movement traction.
The Temperance movement was a movement which had the aim to make alcohol consumption illegal This was mainly focused for men. The movement claimed that alcohol made people violent and angry. These factors really made the movement popular. Another period in American history which parallels the Temperance movement was the Prohibition in the 1920s, which made alcohol consumption illegal
School reform is a movement that has the aim to improve education in schools for children. People like Horace Mann have made education more widely available and has made schools a better place to learn.
Prison reform is a movement which asks for better conditions or treatment in prisons. People like Dorothea Dix and Josiah Quincy both changed prisons in that the mentally ill were not placed with common criminals and that young people had different punishments than adult offenders. While it can be argued that prisoners should not get
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