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maine is added as a free state.previously,the land had been a part of massacussetts.this satisfies those opposed to the expansion of slavery as well as the slave powers in congress.
slavery was not to exist above 36 degrees 30' N. this satisfied the north since slavery would not be able to expand past this imaginary line drawn across the lousiana purchase
for the northern free states new york senator james tallmadge proposed an amendment banning slavery in the lousiana territory. in addition senator ruffus king also argued congress had the power to determine wether or not a new state could have slavery.
for the southern slaveholding states missouri is added to the union as a slave state.although it exists above the dividing line the addition of missouri as a slave state provides balance to the union in terms of free and slave states and representation in congress.
to satisfy the south it was agreed that slavery could expand and exist below the dividing line drawn across the lousiana purchase.this ensured some expansion of slavery for the south including future states such as texas and arkansas.
for the southern slave advocates maryland senator william pinkney held the belief states should be able to decide the nature of wether or not they are slave or free.ultimately senator henry clay will devise the missouri compromise ending the debate.
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