ASL history

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  • Martha's Vineyard
  • In America, a small island in Massachusetts was the only area where the deaf communicated with sign language. Martha's Vineyard's population decreased however when more oppurtunities for the deaf were brought to America.
  • Introduction of Gallaudet
  • In the 1800's, a man named Gallaudet met his neighbors daughter who was deaf. Knowing this girl had educational potential, Gallaudet wanted to learn to teach deaf students properly.
  • Clerc to America
  • Come to America with me!
  • Ok, but only for 3 years.
  • Gallaudet went to the deaf school in France where deaf students learned to communicate with signs. Wanting to teach these methods in America, Gallaudet convinced one of the teacher's, Clerc, to return with him.
  • American school for the deaf
  • In 1817, Gallaudet founded the 1st school for the deaf. Here American Sign Language was created from the variety of signs form different students. Following in their footsteps, deaf schools were created throughout the country.
  • Abuse of ASL
  • Read my lips!
  • However, in the 1880's, people dismissed the use of sign language from deaf students. Grandall, a deaf school teacher, would make students hands be tied behind their backs and have them learn to read lips rather than being educated.
  • ASL today
  • In the later years, students were again encouraged to use sign language due to the lack of educational progress for those who were taught to read lips. American Sign Language is now used widley.
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