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Risk factors include consuming contaminated water and food, international travel, infected clothing and bedding, poor sanitation, and flies on food. Sign and symptoms include mild stomach pain and frequent passage of stool or diarrhea. Temporary lactose intolerance can occur and in more severe cases fever, shock, and delirium can occur.
Dysentery can cause dehydration from losing so much fluids from the diarrhea. It can also cause a liver abscess if the dysentery travels from the intestines into the bloodstream to other parts of the body.
Are there any complications from dysentery?
Dysentery is diagnosed with a stool sample then examined under the microscope for parasites. An antibody blood test will also help confirm the diagnosis.
So how is dysentery diagnosed?
Rehydration therapy is used to keep the patient hydrated with a big loss of fluids with the diarrhea. Antibiotics can be used to kill of the bacteria that causes the dysentery.
What are the treatments for dysentery?
Prognosis: With proper treatment dysentery will subside within 10 days. After treatment begins, one will fully recover in 2 to 4 weeks.
Approximately 14,000 Americans annually report having dysentery. This rate is even higher in developing countries or those countries with refugee camps.
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