The Antebellum Period- Kaila and Kako

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  • Slavery
  • It is believed that the main cause of the Civil War was over the debate of slavery. Many people in the North were abolitionists while the South was pro-slavery.
  • States' Rights
  • Northern states were all about the Union. They wanted a strong federal government to keep the country together while the South wanted the exact opposite.
  • The North supported high tariffs on European imported goods so consumers would buy their products.
  • SC threatened to nullify the high tariff law.
  • Missouri Compromise
  • Slavery was forbidden north of the 30° 36° line because of the Missouri compromise. And for every free state created, there had to be aslave state created to balance the power.
  • The more the South depended on the cotton industry, the more slavery was necessary. The North was more industrial and didn’t rely on agriculture for their profit. High profile abolitionists were in the North, which impacted the views on slavery of their peers.
  • The Georgia Platform
  • The leaders of this movement in Georgia were Alexander Stephens and Robert Toombs. There was much debate because they feared the compromise would give the North more power in Congress.
  • The Southern states feared that the Northern states would gain too much power by the creation of more free states and did not favor high tariffs due to the high tax on the cotton Britain proposed after the North's actions.
  • The Dred Scott case
  • Dred Scott was taken to Wisconsin Territory where his master died. Scott and his wife then filed a lawsuit.
  • When Missouri wanted to join the Union as a slave state, the free states disagreed because it would have thrown off the balance of power in the Senate between free and slave states. Congress proposed a compromise.
  • Election of 1860
  • In 1860, I was elected and declared secession was illegal, creating more tension between the North and South, eventually leading to the Civil War.
  • Georgia approved the Compromise of 1850 because mostly equal power and because of the fugitive slave act. The act allowed runaway slaves that fled to be recaptured and brought back to their owners. This compromise prevented the civil war for 11 years.
  • Although the Scotts were eventually granted their freedom, it came at the cost of the repeal of the Kansas-Nebraska compromise. The Supreme court said that Congress had no right to ban slavery in new states, therefore deeming the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional.
  • The case took 10 years to make it to the Supreme court where they ruled against the Scotts. The court ruled that they were unable to sue in the first place because they were not people.
  • There were outbreaks of riots in the South after Abraham was elected president. People in the South didn't want slavery taken away from them because it would destroy their economy, since their economy was agriculturally based. The South (Georgia) threatened to secede from the Union but according to Lincoln, it was illegal because it would be classified as treason.
  • People in the South were upset that I didn't want slavery but it is my philosophy that all men are created equally.
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