Ionic and Covalent Bonds

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  • Claire the Chlorine is on an adventure to find out more about Chemical Bonding.
  • Claire has 7 valence electrons, and is a part of the Florine Family.
  • Claire is going to ask her Science Teacher more about Chemical Bonding!
  • Teacher: An ion is an atom or group of atoms that has an electric charge. They form when an atom loses an electron; it loses a negative charge and becomes a positive ion. When an atom gains an electron, it gains a negative charge and becomes a negative ion.
  • What is an ion?
  • Mother: Your project sounds great! I can tell you a little bit of info! To gain an electron, an atom has to have a space open for that electron. The goal is to get 8 to become more stable, a full octet!
  • Claire returns home and tells her mom about her new project and she asked her if she knew anything.
  • Claire felt lonely, like she was missing something, She met a guy named Larry the Lithium and when they were together, they felt more stable.
  • Together they form an ionic compound. When they are together, they form LiCl
  • Claire then met up with her best friend, Charles the Chlorine, to hang out. Their close bond as friends forms a covalent bond, where two atoms share electrons; this normally forms between two nonmetals. (They form salt, or NaCl)
  • Claire and Charles have been friends since they were very young. Covalent Bonds form when pairs of electrons are shared by atoms. Atoms will covalently bond with other atoms to get more stable.
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