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Rosa Parks was a secretary for the Montgomery NAACP. She also worked with the Women's Political Council, which worked towards change for the bus system. When she was demanded to give up her seat on the bus to a white man, she refused and was arrested.
Martin Luther King, Jr., a member of the Montgomery Improvement Association, organized a 1 day boycott of the bus system. When Montgomery refused to meet the demands of the protesters, the boycott lasted for 381 days
Black residents of Montgomery boycotted the bus system by walking, carpooling, and creating makeshift taxi systems. Segregationists responded by banning the taxi-system, and white-owned shops in the inner city saw major losses as most black citizens were no longer downtown
Eventually, the boycott gained national attention, and the Supreme Court took action; deeming the segregated bus system to be unconstitutional
Segregationists were outraged, and violently resisted bus integration. They shot at buses, bombed churches and private residences, including the home of Martin Luther King Jr.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott garnered nationwide attention, granting momentum to the Civil Rights Movement. It also launched Martin Luther King, Jr into a leadership position, taking control of the movement and earning international renown. The boycott set the tone of peaceful protest throughout the Civil Rights Movement.
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