HIV can be transmitted through direct entry into the bloodstream. Examples include sexual intercourse, sharing needles, blood transfusions, and mother-to-child transmission in certain cases.
Often, HIV is transmitted between sexual partners who are unaware of their status. Further compounding this face, men are less likely to seek testing and treatment because of stigma associated with illness as a sign of weakness.
Along with stigma associated with having HIV, there also exists desire for social distancing, enacted stigma and courtesy stigma which can influence friends and family of the HIV-positive individual
Workplace discrimination is a harsh reality faced by those with HIV. This only contributes to the high unemployment and poverty rate experienced by a disproportionate majority of PLHIV.
While not explicitly discriminatory, the attitudes of those around PLHIV can have the effect of further ostracizing. This can lead to internalized stigma, and also has been shown to partially contribute to the high rates of depression and anxiety faced by those who are living with HIV.
PLHIV are more likely to be gay men of colour, and are at a higher risk of being incarcerated because they are viewed as outcasts by society. Poverty has also been correlated to rate of incarceration.
Explore Our Articles and Examples
Try Our Other Websites!
Photos for Class
– Search for School-Safe, Creative Commons Photos (It Even Cites for You!
– Easily Make and Share Great-Looking Rubrics
– Create Custom Nursery Art