Medieval England Kathryn Cambrea
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New inventions were improving agriculture, and promoting the decline of serfdom and freedom of serfs. Horses could be used for both plowing and for carrying large loads. The changes in agriculture allowed the population to increase. People didn't starve due to the abundance of food.
Trade expanded with the population. There was more demand for goods. There was more food. People could govern themselves(self-government) if they gave their feudal lords a charter.
Partnerships allowed merchants to expand their businesses and increase profits. Bankers encouraged the growth of business.
William the Conqueror had control over his new kingdom because Normans invaded England. The Normans defeated the Saxon king in the Battle of Hastings.
The legal system was expanded by Henry II. Common law was established amd cases were handled in royal courts. There was a grand jury and trial jury.
John was a disliked king because he had demands for high taxes and and his other actions caused the barons to rebel. They forced John to set his seal to the Magna Carta. He agreed to the barons' rights and everyone's rights. (ie taxation without representation, right to trail, limits to power)
Philip II went to war with King John of England and claimed most of England. Philip unified France, and tripled the size of his kingdoms. Rulers following King John of England like Louis IX, made changes in the legal system to strengthen royal power. Parliament was a result of the Magna Carta.
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