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John Brown was an abolitionist who strongly believed slavery was wrong. In the early 1850s, he and his five sons attacked pro-slavery men in an even known as the Pottawatomie Massacre.
Now I must plan our raid on Harpers Ferry!
Brown assembled an "army" of a little over 20 men, and on October 16, 1859, they invaded the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry in Maryland.
Listen up men! Together we will put an end to slavery!
Brown's men took as many as 60 hostages, including some slaves. But the U.S. marines broke into the arsenal firehouse that Brown and his men had been in and surrounded them. Robert E. Lee, the head general broke in and 10 of Brown's men were killed and 7 were captured along with Brown himself.
John Brown was convicted of murder, treason, and insurrection and was hanged on December 2, 1859.
This raid led to further separation between the North and South, and it increased tensions among them. The North thought of him as a martyr and a symbol for freedom, where the south saw it as a cause of slave rebellions and Northern invasions.
These tensions between the North and South, created by John Brown's raid, ultimately lead to the Civil War.
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