Antebellum

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  • COMPROMISES
  • 1820
  • Missouri should be a slave state!
  • But then it won't be equal!
  • 1820: then Maine shall be a free state. 1850: then we'll pass a Fugitive Slave Act! Yay everyone's happy!!! I hope!!!
  • 1850
  • COMPROMISE OF 1850
  • California should be a free state!
  • But then it won't be equal!
  • 1820
  • THE GEORGIA PLATFORM
  • MEANWHILE IN GEORGIA...
  • Should we accept the Compromise of 1850? There would be a Fugitive Slave Act...
  • But then there would be more free representation than slave...
  • STATES RIGHTS
  • FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
  • No it won't! We want more state rights! We want to determine what's best for our state without national intervention! We are NOT happy!
  • The Articles of Confederation gave the states too much power, so with the Constitution we'll give more power to the fed. govt! This'll make everyone happy!!! Yay!!!
  • SOUTHERN STATES
  • In 1820, Missouri wanted to enter the Union as a slave state. However, the free states argued that there wouldn't be as many free states as slave. So, Maine was entered as a free state, and slavery was outlawed N of the 36/30 parallel. In 1850, California wanted to enter as a free state. This upset slave states, so the Fugitive Slave Act was passed. These compromises show how the debate over slavery between the N and S was mostly because of unequal representation in Congress.
  • MORE SLAVERY CONFLICTS
  • I believe in popular sovereignty. States should have the ability to decide whether they will be slave or free!
  • KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT 1854
  • 1850
  • In 1850, Georgia politicians were debating as to whether or not to accept the terms of the Compromise of 1850. If they were to accept, the balance between free and slave states would be lost, but a Fugitive Slave Act would be in place. This was to GA's favor since it was a slave state. Eventually, led by Alexander Stephens and Robert Toombs, Georgia approved the Compromise, along with the other Southern states.
  • ELECTION OF 1860
  • ABRAHAM LINCOLN
  • Yay I won the Election of 1860!! I got 180 electoral votes!
  • When the US first became a country, the states were given too much power under the Articles of Confederation. Later, in the Constitution, the federal government was given more power. Many southern states wanted more state rights, especially for slavery, but also for other things. They felt they could determine what was best for their own state without the national government's interference.
  • SECCESION IN GA?
  • Lincoln will abolish slavery! It is our livelihood! Yes to secession!
  • In 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, which nullified (canceled out) the Missouri Compromise and allowed slavery N of the 36/30 parallel. This created violence in Kansas, which was entering as a state. Voters came for either free or slave and clashed so violently, Kansas was nicknamed "Bleeding Kansas". The Dred Scott case was an unusual case that reinforced this Act. Dred Scott, a slave, was taken to a free state. Upon returning, he sued for freedom. The case went to Supreme Court, but the final judgement was Dred Scott had no right to sue in the first place and would remain a slave.
  • Stephen Douglas
  • And also that Missouri Compromise and Compromise of 1850 that made everyone so happy? This Act shall nullify them! Yay!!! Oh... isn't everyone happy??
  • DRED SCOTT CASE 1834-1857
  • I was taken to a free state! I should be free! I'll sue for my freedom!
  • Four candidates ran for office in the Election 1860: Abraham Lincoln (Republican), John Breckenridge(South Democrat), John Bell (Constitutional Union), and Stephen Douglas (North Democrat). Abraham Lincoln won the election (to many's surprise) due to the enormous amount of electoral votes he received, mostly from the north. Afterwards, the southern states believed he wanted to eliminate slavery and voted one by one to secede from the Union.
  • WAIT WHAT HANG ON I only want to stop the spread of slavery, not eliminate it!! Wait!!
  • What?!! NOOOO! Fine we're seceding! We don't want you to take away slavery!
  • SOUTHERN STATES
  • After Lincoln was elected president, many Southern states left the Union. Those in GA were debating as to whether or not to leave too. The large scale farmers argued that they should secede, while smaller farmers argued that they should not. Alexander Stephens was a slave supporter but strongly resisted secession, while Joseph E. Brown & Robert Toombs supported secession. In the end GA seceded from the Union. Ironically, Stephens was elected VP of the CSA because of his political experience. Later he would also become US senator of GA and governor of GA.
  • Alexander Stephens
  • AGAINST
  • NO!
  • Secession is illegal! We would be waging war against the North!
  • YES!
  • FOR
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