Tinker vs. Des Moines
By keith02, Updated
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We need to stop these kids!
Why the first amendment was in question
On December 16-17,1965 , a group of students from Des Moines, Iowa, wore black arm bands to school to protest the Vietnam War.
When the administrator found out of their plans, he established a policy on December 14,1965. The policy stated students could not wear the black armbands. The students and their parents believed this violated their First Amendment rights.
The Court's Findings
The 1st Amendment states that everyone has the right to freedom of speech. The U.S. Supreme Court decided the students did not "shed their constitutional rights when they enter the schoolhouse door".
How it has affected Journalism today
They 1st went to Des Moines district court and the judge decided the school's policy was reasonable. The students took the case to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, they decided the students were allowed to voice their opinion through the black armbands.
The court found (in a 7-2 decision) that the school's actions did in fact violate the kids First Amendment rights.
Since Tinker v. Des Moines, there have been many cases that have been affected by its decision. One of those cases decided that principals now have final rule over all school writings that are to be publicized.
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