Factory System

Factory System
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  • Cottage Industry
  • Samuel Slater
  • Im Sammy!
  • Lowell Mills
  • Before the Industrial Revolution most everything including clothes were made in homes. This was known as the Cottage Industry, a slow task made only for those in the family.
  • Loom
  • In 1789 Samuel Slater immigrated to America with memorised British blueprints with hopes of starting a successful textile industry.
  • Working Conditions
  • By 1840 Lowell Mills had employed over 8,000 mill workers. These jobs were filled by women looking to support their families. This was the first time women could work and earn money.
  • Today
  • In these mills looms produced cloth at a fast rate. The women would run the machines. These machines were the start of mass production and the start of labor laws. The looms were very dangerous.
  • The looms were causes of women losing fingers and hair but another part of the danger was from the cotton in the air. The long working hours mixed with no open windows led to cotton lung a horrible disease.
  • Today we see the effects of the Factory System in stores. Everything in these stores were made from mass production just like that in the Lowell mills.
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