I am Giuseppe Mazzini, a nationalist leader and I founded Young Italy. My goal for this secret society was to constitute Italy to be one free, independent, republican nation. I helped set us a revolutionary republic in Rome, but French forces soon toppled it.
My name is Victor Emmanuel II. I was crowned king and Giuseppe Garibaldi turned over Naples and Sicily to me. In 1870, Italians conquered Rome, which became the capital of the now unified Italy.
My name is Count Camillo Cavour, and in 1859 I was Prime Minister. I started a war with Austria after I made secret negotiations with Napoleon III, and he had promised to help Sardina, which is northeast of Rome.
My name is Giuseppe Garibaldi and I am a nationalist and an ally of Manzini, and I was ready for action. I wanted a republic so I took action with 1,000 red shirt volunteers to win control on Sicily.
Obstacles to Unity Italy had been a battleground for ambitious, foreign, and local princes. Frequent warfare and foreign rule had led people to identify with local regions. The people of Florence considered themselves Tuscan, and more. The congress of Vienna decided to ignore the nationalists who hoped to end the centuries of foreign rule and achieve unity.
Unity and Challenges Sardinians overran the papal states and joined Garibaldi's forces. Garibaldi turned over Naples and Sicily to Victor Emmanuel and it soon was approved. But strong regional rivalries left Italy unable to solve critical issues.
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