Antebellum and Causes of the Civil War

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Antebellum and Causes of the Civil War Comic

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  • Slavery Situations
  • Slavery is wrong!
  • It's our way of life!
  • No you can't! I'm in charge and you will listen to me!
  • Southern Conundrum
  • We can do whatever we want to do!
  • Compromises=Confusion
  • The Compromise of 1850 caused lots of tension because there was an equal number of free and slave states and California wanted to be a free state. To make it fair, the Fugitive Slave Act was passed saying escaped slaves would have to be returned to the South.
  • The Kansas-Nebraska act included lots of blood, sweat and tears. The 36'30' line was repealed meaning states can decide what type of state they were by popular sovereignty. People began moving to new territories to try swing the vote in their favor. There was lots of violence during the "bleeding Kansas" event when John Brown started an anti-slavery revolt. Five pro-slavery families died because of this event. In the end, Kansas became a slave state and Nebraska became a free state.
  • The Missouri Compromise was a ¨fix¨ for the unequal representation in Congress. When Missouri applied for statehood, it wanted to be a slave state. In order to keep things balanced, Maine was admitted as a free state.
  • The concept of slavery was a big issue between the North and the South. The north had abolitionists who thought slavery was wrong and thought everyone should be treated the same. The south had plantation owners who needed the slaves to mend their fields. The two regions had very strong opinions which caused tension and further division in the country.
  • Georgia's View
  • Let's secede!
  • States' rights were a very big issue before the war. The South felt that local governments should have more power and that the states should be able to decide some of their laws. Tariffs were also a big issue. The North wanted to tax their manufactured goods they exported. Countries who imported these good felt it was unfair so they taxed their goods. The South, who was very dependent on these goods got upset. They felt that it wasn't fair. This led to near secession when SC threatened to secede. Andrew Jackson was able to threaten them from seceding for a few more years.
  • Dred-ed Drama
  • Free man?
  • Or slave?
  • A big issue between the North and South was the representation in Congress. There had to be an equal number of free and slave states so there would be no majority. So when new states were added, Compromises were made to keep this equality. They were like little band aids for a gushing wound.
  • Election and Secession
  • Fine, then leave!
  • Georgia had differing views on secession. Some wanted to secede from the Union and form a new country. Others wanted to stay with the Union. They said seceding was illegal since the President had already said so. Alexander Stephens, a famous politician, was against secession although he was for slavery. Georgia eventually seceded with the South to form the Confederate States of America. Alexander Stephens ironically became the VP.
  • No! It's illegal!
  • In 1846, a man by the name of Dred Scott and his wife filed a lawsuit for their freedom. Their owner had just died and since they were living in a free state, they considered themselves free people. They lost their first court case, but after a retrial, they won. They were now free people. In 1852, their former owner´s wife, Irene Emerson, appealed this case which was eventually reversed. They were now slaves and this angered many people. This caused lots of tension in the country. This case was taken to the Supreme Court and in 1856, a final decision was made. The Supreme Court said that a) since Scott was a black person, he was considered a slave and not a citizen so he couldnt sue and b) the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional. This caused tension and further division between the North and South.
  • The Dred Scott Case was very controversial. There was lots of tension in the US after the final decision and led to further division. What do you think? Is Dred Scott a free man or a slave?
  • Dred Scott
  • The election of 1860 was a very controversial election. The republican nominee, Abraham Lincoln, unexpectedly won and this angered the South. He was an abolitionist but his main goal was to keep the country together. The south feared Lincoln would take away their way of life so they threatened to secede. They finally did and formed the Confederate States of America. Jefferson Davis became the president and Alexander Stephens became the VP.
  • The south wasn´t so happy with my election. They seceded. They can keep their slavery. All I wanted was to keep the country together.
  • We're leaving!
  • 1860
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