History of Malacca

History of Malacca

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  • 1509
  • I'm the king of Portugal , Manuel I .We had started to explore the oceans of the world looking for resources and trade routes that cut out the Arab Kingdoms that were going rich from the spice trade. 
  • After we had captured Goa , my king sent me ,one of his top admiral to find Malacca and make a trade agreement with it .
  • Sequeira
  • Sequeira arrived in Melacca in 1509 . At the time , the Sultan of of Melacca  was called Mahmud Shah, one of Parameswara 's descendants .At the  start Mahmud and Sequeira got on well , but after that it turned bad quickly.
  • Mahmud Shah
  • As result , Mahmud captured some of the Portuguese , kill others and attemptedto attack the four Portuguese ships that Sequeira managed to escape back to India .After this they decided that they only way to trade in Melacca was to take it over by force !
  • We convinced Mahmud that Portuguese were a threat because they had taken Goa in India. In particular, they were worried that the Portuguese were Christian and might be against Muslim
  • After two years(1511),the Portuguese returned again,this time they were led by a man called Albuquerque. They had 1200 soldiers and 18 ships , when they arrived the Portuguese demanded that they would be able to build a castle as a Portuguese trading post near the city , but  Mahmud refuse the demand and a war started.After 40 days of fighting, Melacca fell to the Portuguese .The Portuguese were helped by the fact that had better weapon and that Mahmud had to flee and leave the city that Parameswara had build,he flee and try to rebuild his army.
  • After Albuquerque won he needed to defend Melacca against attacks from Mahmud and his allies. The massive castle was built along the river and the sea shore.Over the coming year there were Malay counterattacks and even the chinese try to take back the city . However , non were successful and the city stay under Portuguese control until 1641.
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