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Executive Order 9066
Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941, that set off a chain of events for the U.S. involvement into World War II. Also, it heightened the racial tension with Japanese Americans in the US.
On Februaury 19, 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Executive Order 9066. The War Department created 12 restricted zones and designated anyone who they felt to be a harm into these areas.
Mostly Japanese Americans, but some germans and Italians living in the U.S. were affected by this order. These numbers added up to over 120,000 by the end of the war.
After the relocation notices were posted, the Japanese-Americans had one week to sell their homes, farms, shops, and all the belongings that they could not fit to take with them.
The relocation camps were surrounded by fences, barbed wire, and armed men who shot anyone who attempted to leave. The Japanese-Americans lived in uninsulted barracks heated by a stove and slept on cots. They adapted to life behind the fences by organizing schools, churches, and newspapers.
In 1976, President Ford repealed the Executive order 9066 and apologized for the way the Japanese-Americans were treated. They all received $20,000 as a compensation for what they had suffered and given up.
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