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HAMARTIA is a fatal flaw that leads to the downfall of a hero. Oedipus' hamartia is that he fulfills the oracle by killing his father and taking his father and marrying his mother. This leads him to clawing out his own eyes.
It obviously wasn't me who killed the king!
HUBRIS is excessive pride or confidence. Oedipus has hubris when he tells the kingdom that he didn't kill the king, even though, ironically, he did.
PERIPETEIA is a sudden change in circumstances, like when Oedipus finds out that his birth father is actually the King who was killed, and that he was the one who killed him.
ANAGNORISIS is a moment where a character makes a crucial discovery. When Oedipus discovers that he actually has followed the oracle and that his wife/ mother is dead, his life is turned upside down.
Curse you, Oracle! You've ruined my life!
NEMESIS is a term used to describe the cause of a downfall. It would be logical to say that Oedipus' nemesis is the Oracle, or perhaps fate itself.
This is the scene where Oedipus claws his eyes out after discovering what his life has become.
CATHARSIS is the process of releasing one's emotions or venting. Oedipus reaches a point of catharsis once he finds out that he killed his father and married his mother, and that his mother/ wife is dead.
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