The arm of the Federal government is long, but it is far too short to protect the rights of individuals in the interior of distant States. They must have the power to protect themselves, or they will go unprotected, in spite of all the laws the Federal government can put upon the national statue-book.
Frederick Douglas, 1866
Independent Churches; Political Participation; Dunningite myth still cloud's African; American achievments during reconstruction
Reconstruction Began as War Measure
First Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln's 10% Plan. Goal was an easy peace to shorten war.
Military Reconstruction Act - 1867
Divided South into Militiary District Southern States-Tn. Excepted - would write new constitutions w/Universal Adult Male Suffrage States had to ratify 14th amendment. Subsequent legislation gave Army power to register voters and to disqualify"disloyal persons" from registering.
Radical Republicans: Thaddeus Stevens, Charles Sumner, Ben Wade
With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, lt us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation's wounds; to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan- to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace, among ourselves, and with all nations