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The Dark Ages wasn't a known concept for Muslims. Instead it is called the Golden Age for Islamic civilization. Muslims opened up a whole new chapter in history. The inventions they created has shaped most of what we are today.
I believe one of their most important contributions to society is their teachings in the medical field such as, hospitals, surgery, and medicines.
The very first versions of hospitals came from the 9th century. In fact, the very first medical center was the Ahmad ibn Tulun Hospital, founded in 872 in Cairo. Muslims served any and all citizens regardless of who they might be because of the belief that you must take care for all who are sick. Hospitals consisted of patient wards and teaching centers.
Al Zahrawi was a man who is called "The Father of Modern Surgery" because of the impact he had in the field of medicine and for his outstanding inventions. Around the year 1,000, doctor Al Zahrawi published a 1,500 page book that was entirely based on surgery. Europeans used this book for the next 500 years. Zahrawi came up with the idea of using cat gut to stitch wounds. He also created the first pair of forceps.
Medicine is also another very important contribution that Islams have made. They used remedies made from herbs, plants, animals, and minerals. Muslims used medicines like opium and hemlock to put patients to sleep before operation. One of the classics in the history of medicine was "The Canon of Medicine" which consisted of the treatment for many types of diseases. It was written by Ibn Sina who is called "The Prince of Physicians" .
Even though the Muslims have provided us with many contributions to our society, I think that the medical field was the most important. Muslim doctors made many new discoveries and helped spread medical knowledge throughout history. Their teachings is still being used today and has even been further improved.
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