DNA AND RNA

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DNA AND RNA

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  • How DNA helps to create mRNA which then helps to create a protein which is made up from many amino acids.
  • During transcription the DNA is unzipped, and then one side is copied to create a new strand of mRNA. The importance of creating mRNA is big because mRNA can go outside the nucleus unlike the DNA.
  • The end result in Transcription is that RNA is made. The RNA is now allowed to leave the nucleus and travel to other places.
  • Translation is the process that happens outside of the nucleus. An mRNA travels to a ribosome which then will start to read the mRNA. The ribosome reads the mRNA 3 letters at a time. Then the tRNA gathers all the amino acids that the ribosome needs, and then the ribosome puts it together. When all the amino acids are put together by the ribosome creates a protein.
  • When all the amino acids are put together by the ribosome creates a protein. The protein is the final result of the Translation process.
  • A malfunction can occur during transcription, or translation. This could be extremely bad because when the ribosome reads the mRNA it could call for a protein that isn't needed where a different protein is needed.
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