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Civil vs. Criminal Trials

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Storyboard Description

Branches of Government - The Judicial Branch - Criminal Vs. Civil trial

Storyboard Text

  • Who is the trial between?
  • CIVIL
  • VS.
  • Who is the trial between?
  • CRIMINAL
  • VS.
  • In a civil trial, the trial is between two parties, or individuals. The disputes are usually over legal disputes, divorces, injuries, negligence, or breaches of contract.
  • What are the results of the trial?
  • Breach Of Contract
  • Divorce $199/$399
  • A criminal trial is between an individual or party versus the government. A criminal trial occurs when an individual or party has broken a law of society, and they admit guilt, or attempt to deny or justify their actions.
  • What are the results of the trial?
  • In a civil trial, the individual at fault is usually punished by paying the plaintiff a sum, as determined by the judge.
  • Who decides the case?
  • Depending on the severity of the crime, the guilty party can be forced to pay a fine, serve jail time, serve probation, or in some states they can be executed.
  • Who decides the case?
  • In most civil trials, a judge presides over the case and determines guilt. A civil trial can have a jury if either side requests one.
  • In a criminal trial, a jury listens to the evidence and witnesses, and uses that information to determine guilt. A judge presides over the case to ensure a fair legal process, but it is up to the jury to determine guilt.

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