Jackson As President

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Jackson As President

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  • The Tariff Debate
  • We support the Tariff of 1828 in order to improve the national manufacturing industry.
  • The Tariff Debate
  • Down with this accursed tariff!
  • The Tariff Debate
  • It will be OK. Andrew Jackson is going to win the next election and he is sure to support massively reducing or outright repealing the tariff because it is unconstitutional and violates States Rights.
  • This tariff is unconstitutional and is an assault on states' rights and the Southern way of life. We ought to refuse to enforce this tariff by using our right of nullification to declare the tariff unconstitutional. If we must, we should secede in order to maintain the integrity of the South.
  • Calhoun, along with other Southerners who wished to end the rising tariffs once and for all, proposed a tariff that was supposed to be so obstructive to the Northern and Southern states that it would never be passed, while making tariffs so unpopular that new ones wouldn't be passed for years to come. However, due to the large minority of Northern congressmen supporting the bill because they felt it would benefit the manufacturing industry, the plan backfired and the tariff passed.
  • The Tariff Debate
  • This act of betrayal is an outrage! How dare he continue to violate the rights of States articled in the Constitution while claiming to support state rights! If he will not repeal this Tariff of Abominations, we will refuse to enforce it by nullifying it. If necessary we shall secede from the Union and form a new Confederate States of America along with our Southern brothers who support us in our fight against Northern tyranny!
  • Southerners were infuriated. It dramatically harmed their quality of life by both decreasing their income and increasing the cost of living. It decreased their income by putting a heavy tax on exports like cotton that Southern farmers relied on for money, which decreased the demand for American imports because countries like Britain were buying from other countries to avoid paying tariffs. It increased their cost of living by forcing them to buy goods made in the US, which were more expensive.
  • The Tariff Debate
  • I am here to proclaim the passing of two new acts. The Compromise Tariff of 1833 shall bring the tariff levels down to decrease the burden on the Southern States. In order to make sure that this tariff gets enforced, The Force Act has also been passed, which authorizes me to use the military to enforce the tariff if you choose to nullify it or secede.
  • Many people living in the South considered it to be unfair and unconstitutional. One such person was John Calhoun, who initially proposed it. He wrote a pamphlet called "South Carolina Exposition and Protest" which the South Carolina government distributed. It advocated for Southern states to nullify , or refuse to enforce, the tariff because it was unconstitutional. However, no states nullified the tariff because they thought that Andrew Jackson would repeal or reduce the tariff.
  • The Tariff Debate
  • Since the new compromise is so much more reasonable and because we don't want to lose lives and our state to the military, we have decided to comply with the tariff. We are happy that the tariff has been revised to be more reasonable to Southerners.
  • When Andrew Jackson's revised tariff of 1832 failed to have its burden on the Southerners reduced sufficiently, Southern states such as South Carolina nullified the tariff and threatened to secede from the union.
  • In order to prevent the union from sundering, a carrot and stick approach was used. The carrot was the passing of the Compromise Tariff of 1833, which stipulated that tariffs over 20%, which was the tariff level in 1816, would be decreased by 10% every year until the tariffs go back to 20% in 1842. The stick was The Force Act, which authorized the President to use the military in order to force the states to enforce the tariff.
  • Motivated by both the more reasonable tariffs of The Compromise Tariff and the threat of military action authorized by The Force Act, the Southern states complied and agreed to enforce the tariff.
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