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Everyone has DNA inside of them. This DNA needs to be created into proteins so that your body can work.
The first step is transcription, this is where the DNA is copied into RNA. Here you see a DNA strand being unzipped.
In this part of transcription a special molecule comes along and places guidelines for another molecule to use to know which DNA to copy. Here you can see an unraveled DNA strand being copied into RNA. Notice that thymine (red) has been changed to uracil (blue).
The newly formed mRNA strand travels out of the cell and finds a ribosome.
Now translation has begun. Here a ribosome is reading the mRNA as tRNA brings the correct amino acids for the ribosome to attach to the protein.
Now the fully formed protein arranges itself in a specific position and is ready to do its job.
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