One of china's earliest dynasties was the Shang Dynasty. China's next line of rulers belonged to the Zhou dynasty. The Zhou dynasty lasted from about 1045 to 256 B.C.E. During it's later years, The country got thorwn into disorder. Three very different answers emerged and became the philosophies of Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism.
Hi i am Chinos hung. Today I am going to teach you about Three Chinese Philosophies.
Around 1045 B.C.E., the Zhou, a group of people in northwestern China, moved into the central plains. They overthrew the Shang dynasty and established a new dynasty. For several centuries, the Zhou Dynasty ruled over a many states. In China. But in the later years. Wars between these states these states went into disorder.
After overthorwing the Shang Dynasty the Zhou Dynasty made it's own dynasty to rule over china. They were given the mandate of heaven. According to this belief, Heaven was a power that controlled human destiny. If the kind did well as a king he could remain in power but if not he was punished with unatural disaters. This country made something called feudisam. The king owned all the land and gave parts to supporters called lords. Lords would sometimes get to full of themselves and try to over thorw the king.
Confucianism is based on the teaching of Confucius. The goal is to achieve a peaceful society. To do thins the most important thing to do is be nice and respectful to eachother. Their were 5 relationships in Confucianism. 1. Ruler and subject, 2. Husband and wife, 3. Father and son, 4. Older sibling and younger sibling, 5. Friend and friend. Always respect your elders!
Daisom was founded by a man named Lazoi. Some people believe he was just a legend but some think he was a real man. To achieve happiness you must live in harmony with nature. With beatuy is pain and this is an example of ying and yang which was a high belief in daisom.
The third major philosophy that came out of China's time of trouble was legalism. The founder of legalism was Hanfeizi. Those who followed Legalism believed that most people are naturally selfish. They cannot be counted upon to have a good influence on one another. Instead, they should establish strict laws and enforce them, either with rewards for good behavior or with harsh punishments for bad behavior. Civil servants should be watched carefully and punished for doing a poor job. People who were caught criticizing the government should be banished to China's far northern frontier.
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