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Ah- the great capitol of America. Hi, I'm James Madison, the fourth president of the U.S. Doesn't it seem peaceful around here? Well, it wasn't always. The War Of 1812 was fought between the U.S and the British Empire. Let's learn about the causes and effects of this war, shall we?
It all started with British Impressment. Britain would raid our ships for our sailors, and would force them to become sailors for Britain. One big example of this was the Chesapeake- Leopard Affair. After that, many of my fellow Democratic- Republicans wanted me to declare war on Britain.
The British also had alliances with Native Americans in the U.S. Britain gave the natives guns and weapons and let them attack American citizens to try to create the Indian Confederation they had in mind.
In 1814, British soldiers destroyed Washington D.C. and burned down our great nation's capitol.
Fort McHenry was bombarded for 13 hours, but when the bombs were finished flying and the shooting and battle was done, the American flag was still waving, high in the sky. This led to the poem/ song "Star Spangled Banner". News that America signed the Treaty of Ghent did not travel fast, and certainly not fast enough to New Orleans, because 2 weeks later, Andrew Jackson led an American army to a victory against Britain. 7,000 U.S. soldiers defeated an army of 7,500 British soldiers on January 8, 1815 The Battle of New Orleans pleased the country and made Andrew Jackson a famous war hero.
After the War of 1812, the American industry grew due to the respondsibility of having to make our own goods during the war, since we couldn't depend on Britatin. Nationalism and Patriotism swept the country and the citizens of America were proud that their new country defeated one of the biggest empires in the world!
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