Causes of The Cold War and The Space Race pt.1
By mc_aditya, Updated
This Storyboard presents a detailed illustration of the Cold War and how the Space Race started between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.
The Cold War was a period of Economic, Political and Military tension between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. from 1945 to 1991.
The Soviet Union and America were allies during WW2, The tensions that would grow into the Cold War were evident as early as 1943, when the "Big Three" allied leaders; American President - Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister - Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier - Joseph Stalin met in Tehran.
The conference was held on the basis of who should have the Country; Poland. Stalin wanted it due to the fact that the Nazi's had attacked the Soviets through Poland twice, so it was a concern of Soviet Union's vital security interest.Stalin was determined to make sure that such an invasion could never happen again, and insisted that only a communist Poland, friendly to (and dominated by) the Soviet Union, could serve as a buffer against future aggression from the West. However, Stalin's security concerns ran smack into Anglo-American values of self-determination, which held that the Poles ought to be allowed to make their own decision over whether or not to become a Soviet satellite.
The Yalta conference was then held in 1945 on fixing Europe, but Poland remained a problem. At Yalta, Stalin - insisting that "Poland is a question of life or death for Russia" - won Churchill's and Roosevelt's reluctant acceptance of a communist-dominated provisional government for Poland. In exchange, Stalin signed, "Declaration of Liberated Europe" pledging to assist the peoples liberated from the dominion of Nazi Germany on political and economic problems.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
The likelihood of future conflict only heightened on April 12th, 1945, when President Franklin D. Roosevelt unexpectedly died of a brain hemorrhage. Vice President Harry S. Truman - a former Missouri senator, who had served just 82 days as vice president - suddenly became the President of the U.S.
Truman, who hadn't known just how much Roosevelt had sacrificed to Stalin at Yalta for peace, saw the Soviets' later interventions in Europe as violation of the Yalta agreements, as proof that Stalin was a liar who couldn't be trusted. Truman quickly countered Stalin by blocking any further expansion of the Soviet's influence, anywhere in the world. Under Truman, containment of communism soon came to dominate American foreign policy. The Cold War was on. Truman then revealed his master card: the atomic bomb. Upon learning of the destructive weapon, Stalin ordered a crash program to commence in order to speed arms development and counter the atomic bomb.
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