Causes of The Cold War and The Space Race pt. 2


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Storyboard Description

This Storyboard illustrates on the after effects of the Cold War and what the Space Race was.

Storyboard Text

  • The Cold war then started the 'Space Race'. This is known so because the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. were battling each other as to who will reach space and land on the moon first. The ability to land on the moon would show the world the country's military power, political strength, and dominance, all of which the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. needed to gain the upper hand.
  • Space exploration served as another dramatic arena for Cold War competition. October 4, 1957, Soviet R-7 intercontinental ballistic missile launched Sputnik (Russian for “traveler”), the world’s first artificial satellite and the first man-made object into the Earth’s orbit. Sputnik’s launch came as a surprise, and not a pleasant one, to most Americans. In the U.S., space was seen as the next frontier, a logical extension of the grand American tradition of exploration, and it was crucial not to lose too much ground to the Soviets. In addition, this demonstration of the overwhelming power of the R-7 missile, seemingly capable of delivering a nuclear warhead into U.S. air space made gathering intelligence about Soviet military activities particularly urgent.
  • The Cold War may have been a war with no direct fighting, but it had nearly started WW3. After the U.S. tried to invade Cuba and failed, the U.S.S.R. attempted to supply Cuba with nuclear missiles. These missiles in Cuba would have allowed the Soviet Union to effectively target almost the entire United States. In response the United States sent a large number of ships to blockade Cuba thus preventing the Soviet Union from delivering these weapons. The United States and Soviet Union came to agreement that the Soviet Union would no longer give nuclear weapons to Cuba as long as the United States does not invade Cuba again. This was the highest period of tension during the Cold War and it was the closest the world came to a nuclear war, with possible global conflict to follow.
  • However it has bought some benefits too, such as the ability to travel to the moon
  • And it has bought a period of peace known as 'The Long Peace' or 'The New Peace'.
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