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Under the Missouri Compromise of 1820, Maine is added as a free state. Previously, the land had been a part of Massachusetts. This satisfies those opposed to the expansion of slavery as well as the "slave powers" in Congress.
North; A free state
Addition Of States
36 30' Line
For the northern free states, New York Senator James Tallmadge proposed an amendment banning slavery in the Louisiana Territory. In addition, Senator Rufus King also argued Congress had the power to determine whether or not a new state could have slavery.
Who was Involved
For the southern slaveholding states, Missouri is added to the Union as a slave state. Although it exists above the dividing line, the addition of Missouri as a slave state provides balance to the Union in terms of free and slave states, and representation in Congress.
South; A slave state
A major provision of the Missouri Compromise was that slavery was not to exist above 36 30' N. This satisfied the North, since slavery would not be able to expand past this imaginary line drawn across the Louisiana Purchase.
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