Rome and the rise of Christianity

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  • Government: Plebeians and Patricians
  • Patricians: great landowners, who becomes Rome's ruling class
  • Plebeians: less wealthy landowners, crafts people,merchants, and small farmers
  • A republic is a form of government in which the leader is not a monarch and certain citizens have the right to vote
  • Republic Government
  • We are the Consuls
  • I am the king
  • We are the Roman Senate a group of 300
  • 100 of us are also the Centuriate assembly 
  • Law: Twelve tables and Laws of Nations
  • Rome's first code of laws was the Twelve Tables which was adopted in 450 B.C. Laws of Nations were special laws, two principles in the law of nation that are still recognized today are "innocent until proven otherwise, people accused of wrong doing were allowed to defend themselves, before a judge".
  • Some issues that kept the Plebeians on a lower social level was, they were looked down upon, children couldn't marry patricians, and they did not have many rights. In 287 B.C. the council of the plebs had the right to pass laws for all Romans, and all male Rome citizens were supposedly equal under law. Even though all male Roman citizens are equal the Roman Republic was not democratic because women still did not have equal rights.
  • Law: Rome under Augustus
  • I am a citizen
  • I am a citizen
  • I am a citizen
  • The chief officers in the Roman Republic were the consuls and praetors. Two consuls, chosen every year, ran the government and led the roman army. The praetor was in charge of civil law, the law as it applied to Roman Citizens. The role of the Roman Senate was to advise officials, and they served for LIFE. The Centuriate Assembly elected the chief officials, such as consuls and praetors, and passed laws. Wealthiest citizens always had a majority.
  • Religion: Jesus
  • I am the Praetor
  • The Twelve Tables was a product of a simple farming society and proved inadequate for later roman needs. Laws of nations were special laws created to identify with natural law, a universal law based on reason. 
  • Religion: Roman and Christian Values
  • The Romans tolerated other religions as long as they did not threaten public order or public morals. Christians believed in only one god and refused to take part in these ceremonies. The Roman government saw this as an act of treason punishable by death. The similarities between Roman and Christian values were they both encouraged virtue and duty to one's community and to the state. The emphasis on the individual conscience, and the emphasis on the public community or state could cause a major dilemma in their beliefs
  • During Rome under Augustus the Roman empire experienced a lengthy period of peace and prosperity. The latter part of this was known as the Pax Romona or "Roman Peace". Trade flourished, and the provinces were ruled in an orderly fashion. The upper classes lived lives of great luxury in their villas on their vast estates.
  • The Romans provided extended citizenship to all the peoples they ruled.
  • I am a citizen
  • I am a citizen
  • I am a citizen
  • I am a citizen
  • According to Jesus, the transformation of the inner person was important and emphasized. Ethical concepts Jesus voiced were the transformation of the inner person: "so in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you, for this sums up the Law and the Prophets.
  • The Christianity was able to attract so many followers because one the Christian message had much to offer the Roman world. Second, Christianity was appealing because it contained elements familiar from other popular regions. Finally, Christianity fulfilled a very human need to belong. Christianity proved attractive to all classes but especially to the poor and powerless. The emperor Constantine and Theodosius opened the door vastly for Christianity.
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