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The DNA gene is copied to make RNA. This is transcrption.
The DNA can't leave the nucleus but the RNA can. The RNA takes the copied DNA and travels out of the nucleus.
When the RNA is out of the nucleus it meets up with a ribosome. Next translation occurs
When the RNA meets up with a ribosome, the ribosome reads it in 3 letter codes or 3 nucleotides at a time. Next complementary amino acids are brought to the ribosome by tRNA. 3 nucleotides equal 1 amino acid.
When the ribosome reaches the stop code the amino acid chain is released from ribosome and after being changed a little folds into certain 3D protein.
If there was ever a mistake that was made during the processes of making protein it could be really bad or not matter. Sometimes it could cause the wrong protein to be made if the code is read wrong. It can also cause nothing bad to happen and change nothing.
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