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1700 Indigenous population estimated at 300,000 to 750,000. 1788 From 1788 to 1868 160,000 convicts were shipped to the Australian colonies from the United Kingdom.
1851 during the gold rush era of 1860 to 1900 500,000 people migrated to Australia. from England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, China and the USA. 1860 From 1860 to 1900, laborers from Melanesia were recruited to work on Queensland sugar plantations.
1970 From 1850 to 1900 Afghani Pakistani and Turkish camel handlers played an important part in opening up central Australia.
1880 In the late 1800 Japanese fishers were important in the pearling industry. 1901 With Federation the Immigration Restriction Act was passed which made it very difficult for non English speaking immigrants to come to Australia.
1950 after world war 2 large amounts of migrants came to Australia 1950 to 1960 from Italy, Germany eg. Europe. 1956 hungarian refugees fled a civil war in there country.
1790 Most scientists believe that human beings first came to America over the Bering Straits about 20,000 years ago. Around the year 1000, a small number of Vikings would arrive. Crossing the Atlantic meant two to three months of seasickness, overcrowding, limited food rations, and disease.
1820 In the six years since the United States won the War of Independence, America was becoming, in Thomas Paine's words, "the asylum for the persecuted lovers of civil and religious liberty from every part of Europe. and of the 3.9 million people counted, the English were the largest
1880 The Industrial Revolution had begun, the slave trade was nearing its end, and America was pushing westward. Thousands of immigrants found work on the trans-continental railroad, settling in towns along the way. Word of the California Gold Rush had spread around the world, drawing immigrants from both Asia and Europe.
1930 By the 1880, steam power had shortened the journey to America dramatically. Immigrants poured in from around the world: from the Middle East, the Mediterranean, Southern and Eastern Europe, and down from Canada. The door was wide open for Europeans. In the 1880s alone, 9% of the total population of Norway emigrated to America. After 1892,
1965 The Great Depression had begun, leaving few with the means or incentive to come to the United States. Many recent immigrants returned to their native lands, including hundreds of thousands of Mexicans, many against their will.
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