Battle of Tours-Melanie K
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What should we do?
Give up your belongings!
We have to climb up this mountain!
The Spanish Muslims threatened the French for a few years, causing bad things to happen.
Don't battle yet!
In 732, the governor of Spain, Abd er Rahman, and his army climbed over the Pyrenees Mountains, likely to overtake the Frankish territories.
Charles Martel's Frankish army, and Abd er Rahman's Muslim army meet where the two rivers, Clain and Vienne joined between the two towns, Tours and Poitiers.
Charles positioned his army at a place where the Muslims would pass. His army drew up in a large square, in a phalanx-like position. For six days the two armies didn’t attack and just watched each other, with just some small fights, and the main battle only lasted a day.
The Arab army retreated back south over the Pyrenees after the battle. Charles earned his nickname, Martel (or hammer), in this battle. He would continue by defeating the Muslims once more in another battle.
The victory by the Franks during the Battle of Tours was celebrated by Frankish bakers who fashioned bread in the form of the Islamic crescent and served it up to celebrating Franks who devoured the symbol of the invader, which is known as a croissant today.
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