Protein Synthesis

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  • Protein Synthesis
  • DNA [Deoxyribonucleic Acid] 'unzips' so that each helix is broken apart. RNA is built in-between the two helixes as a copy of the gene.
  • Transcription
  • The end result of Transcription is RNA [Ribonucleic Acid]. It is short, single stranded, and can fold back upon itself, unlike DNA. RNA is used in the process of Translation
  • Ribosomes are an organelle that read the order of RNA 3 at a time. They build a protein strand based on that order with amino acids.
  • Translation
  • tRNA bring the Amino acid to the Ribosomes
  • The strand of amino acid the ribosome builds is called protein
  • The end result of Translation is a strand of protein that folds into a certain shape. The protein is used in your body to complete a certain function.
  • Although Translation and Transcription occur often with little mistakes, a mistake is possible. When this happens the end result of protein is mutated. Even the smallest mistake could mess up the protein. The protein strand is created specifically to fulfill a certain body function, so if mutated, it won't be able to do its job properly which can be harmful to the body.
  • Mutation
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