The Anti-Federalists were a group of farmers and artisans who wanted to simply edit the Articles at first, and only wanted a Constitution if a Bill of Rights was established and clearly defined.
The federalists were a group of aristrocrats and the educated. They wanted a new constitution right away, no bill of rights or just 'tweaking the Articles of Confedration was considered adequate.
However, the Federalists won this conflict, most likely due to their superior propaganda, though not to say that the Anti-Fedaralists didn't have intelligent and persuasive writers.
In the South, the slaves states wanted slaves to count for population (representation for voting) but not to be taxed whatsoever.
The Northern states wished for states to be taxed, but discounted for population purposes
In the end an agreement was reached, known as the 3/5 compromise, slaves were counted as 3/5's of a person for the the purposes of taxes and for that of population.
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