The kingdoms that the Christians created did not last very long. Within 50 years the Muslims had started taking the land back from the Christians. In response the Europeans launched more Crusades.
King Richards main opponent in the Third Crusade was Saladin, the leader of the Muslim forces. They fought for months and months but in the end Richard was forced to return home with Jerusalem still in Muslims hands.
In 1201 the knights tied to sail to the holy land but were couldn't because they didn't have the money. Instead they conquered Zara in return for the money to take the voyage. The Venetians gave the knights this money.
Although the Crusades failed, many good things came out of them. The Europeans learned about many new products such as apricots,rice, and cotton cloth. Crusaders also brought ideas of Muslim thinkers to Europe.
Some kings increased their power because many nobles died in the holy land. These kings seized lands that were left without their owners.
Many Crusaders attacked Jews, because of this many Jews distrusted Christians. Historians think that the distrust that began during the Crusades still affects Christian and Muslim relationships today.
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