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Under the Missouri Compromise of 1820,Maine is added as a free state.Previously,the land had been a part of Massachusetts. This satisfies those opposed to expansion of slavery as well as the "slave powers" in Congress.
Slavery was not to exist above 36 30' N.
This satisfied the north, since slavery would not be able to expand past this imaginary line drawn across the Louisiana Purchase.
For the Northern free states,New York Senator James Tallmadge proposed an amendment banning slavery in the Louisiana Territory.In addition,Senator Rufus King also argued Congress had the power to determine wheather or not a new state could have slavery.
Although it exists above the diving line,the addition of Missouri as a slave state provides balance to the Union in terms of free and slave state and representation in Congress.
To satisfy the South, it was agreed that slavery could expand and exist below the dividing line drawn across the Louisiana Purchase. This ensured some expansion of slavery for the South, including future states such as Texas and Arkansas.
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