naturalism

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  • Naturalism
  • I, David Hume, am here to talk to you today about naturalism.
  • Today naturalism is probably the most widely held philosophy.
  • Naturalism understands the material universe as a unified system. In it, everything is shaped completely by physical, biological, psychological, social and environmental processes. Everything, including humanity, is part of one grand chain of being connected by cause and effect. This is known as causality.
  • Naturalism understands the material universe as a unified system. In it, everything is shaped completely by physical, biological, psychological, social and environmental processes. Everything, including humanity, is part of one grand chain of being connected by cause and effect. This is known as causality.
  • Everything must be explained by scientific experimentation. According to naturalism, if we want to show that something is true, it must be proven using concrete evidence. All other methods of reasoning are illusory.
  • Naturalists believe that the human self is not an "intending self," but a genetically pre-programmed organism.
  • The Human Genome Project, or other genetic research projects, are having an enormous impact on the way we view human beings. It is widely held that, when it comes to understanding who we are, "it’s all in the genes."
  • The theory of naturalism makes a direct assault on human freedom. If DNA defines who you are, then your genes rule supreme. Your genes determine who you are and what you can be. Freedom is a delusion. If naturalism held, then you could explain your faults by pointing to genetics.
  • You can tell your teachers that the tendency to procrastinate from your homework would not be your fault; you can blame it on your genetic code!
  • Naturalists can assume that the neurons in a human brain can explain human action or consciousness. Naturalism would allow us to establish a scientific basis for ethics.
  • Naturalism denies the possibility of ethics and morality. How can you be responsible for your actions if what you do is a natural physical process over which you have no control and if control is just another facet of your neural organization? What if it is no more than your genetic make-up that is at work?
  • Thank you for watching my presentation on naturalism!
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